Race/ethnicity and gender continue to serve as mediating factors in athletic director hires. Results provide evidence that race/ethnicity and gender do matter, but not in isolation – there is an intersection of race/ethnicity and gender that favors men over women and Whites over BIPOC athletic directors.
The purpose of this research is to conduct a national online multi-racial survey on sports and race in America. Using critical race and racial threat theory, this study seeks to examine the relationships between public opinions in sports policy (views towards indigenous mascots, amateurism and athlete exploitation, doping, kneeling during the National Anthem...)
The efficient and adjustable manufacturing process creates an equal opportunity for people of all genders to benefit from this technique to enjoy sports. The flexibility of 3D printing in adapting to various body characteristics is in alignment with “changes in performance” and “the quality of experience on and off playing fields for transgender people and gay athletes.”
Low-cost and lightweight wearable soft robots can be used in labor-intensive jobs and sports training to reduce muscle efforts and joint loads, prevent injuries, and improve performance.
A study by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) suggests that “females are more likely than males to sustain overuse injuries such as anterior knee pain, while males are at an increased risk of sustaining acute traumatic injuries such as fractures.” Although a twist in the ankle seems mundane, the presence of these sex-dependent injuries sometimes can lead to more harmful and long-term health issues
Growing interest to track workouts and sport sessions, companies such as Amazon, Apple, Google, Samsung, and Fitbit are developing various hardware sensors and software suites to provide users a holistic experience to track and document their workouts. While effort has been made to track and improve workout sessions, the analytics are based on gross assessments pertaining to basic activities, e.g., step counts, or physiological signals, such as pulse rate.
In both athlete and veteran research, relatively few studies specifically examine the characteristics of, and outcomes for, female participants. Indeed, in most studies, females comprise a small subgroup of the sample, which limits quantitative analyses and generalizability of results. Additionally, there is almost no research on transgender females and nonbinary individuals in these two populations. Studies of female athletes and service members have often focused on sex-related physiological issues, such as menstrual cycle (e.g., Mitchell et al., 2016) and the female triad (e.g., Finley et al., 2015; Kroshus et al., 2018).
Noninvasive brain stimulation is becoming popular within sport as a way to improve motor performance, so much so that this ‘neuro-doping’ may provide a competitive edge in the future of sport.
Research data suggest that the state of underhydration and its concomitant increase in plasma vasopressin is associate with a higher risk for diabetes and chronic kidney disease. It is also suggested that increase water intake suppresses vasopressin, resulting in improved glucose regulation, lower risk of urinary tract infections, and kidney stones formation.