Global Sport Institute Seed Grant Awardees Showcase Research Into Sex, Gender and Sexuality in Sport
Global Sport Institute seed grant awardees such as Benny LeMaster, Alaina Zanin, Betsy Schneider, Eric Legg, and Isaac Akapnitis explain their research in the field of sex, gender and sexuality.
The purpose of this research is to conduct a national online multi-racial survey on sports and race in America. Using critical race and racial threat theory, this study seeks to examine the relationships between public opinions in sports policy (views towards indigenous mascots, amateurism and athlete exploitation, doping, kneeling during the National Anthem...)
Low-cost and lightweight wearable soft robots can be used in labor-intensive jobs and sports training to reduce muscle efforts and joint loads, prevent injuries, and improve performance.
Growing interest to track workouts and sport sessions, companies such as Amazon, Apple, Google, Samsung, and Fitbit are developing various hardware sensors and software suites to provide users a holistic experience to track and document their workouts. While effort has been made to track and improve workout sessions, the analytics are based on gross assessments pertaining to basic activities, e.g., step counts, or physiological signals, such as pulse rate.
In both athlete and veteran research, relatively few studies specifically examine the characteristics of, and outcomes for, female participants. Indeed, in most studies, females comprise a small subgroup of the sample, which limits quantitative analyses and generalizability of results. Additionally, there is almost no research on transgender females and nonbinary individuals in these two populations. Studies of female athletes and service members have often focused on sex-related physiological issues, such as menstrual cycle (e.g., Mitchell et al., 2016) and the female triad (e.g., Finley et al., 2015; Kroshus et al., 2018).
Noninvasive brain stimulation is becoming popular within sport as a way to improve motor performance, so much so that this ‘neuro-doping’ may provide a competitive edge in the future of sport.
Research data suggest that the state of underhydration and its concomitant increase in plasma vasopressin is associate with a higher risk for diabetes and chronic kidney disease. It is also suggested that increase water intake suppresses vasopressin, resulting in improved glucose regulation, lower risk of urinary tract infections, and kidney stones formation.
cTET (contactless thermodynamic efficiency test) is based on an intuitive scientific quantity, the thermodynamic efficiency of a body, which is the ratio of the energy “investment” of a system (the “calories burned”, i.e. energy expenditure [kcal/min]) to the energy output of that system (thermodynamic work done by the person on a treadmill, fixed bike, etc.) obtained under unconstrained physical condition.
Women have become more involved in both recreational and competitive sports and are therefore receiving more attention in the sports medicine literature. The gender differences in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury rate might be attributed to the lower extremity structure difference between males and females.