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Tongyu Ma | College of Health Solutions
Exercise has been the cornerstone of diabetes management. However, many diabetic patients have impaired lower-extremity function and experience substantial difficulty in performing usual exercises, such as brisk walking and upright cycling. There is an urgent need to provide alternative exercise modalities for diabetic patients with impaired lower-extremity function. In this study, we will investigate the effects on glucose of three exercise modalities, including recumbent cycling (i.e., cycling on a static recumbent bike), passive cycling (i.e., cycling on a motor-driven bike), and functional electrical stimulation (FES) cycling, during which we will use electrical current to facilitate cycling movements.