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Seed Grant Awardee: Scott N. Brooks and Robert Turner

Pro football players are five times more likely to develop sleep apnea than the average person, and those with sleep apnea are twice as likely to die.

Field Studies: NCAA Women's Basketball Head Coach Hires at HBCUs and Power Five Schools From 1984-2020

The first NCAA women’s basketball tournament was held in the 1981-1982 season. We began our data set in 1984 when Title IX was fully in effect and subsequently led to the current growth in women’s programs. We then explored hiring trends over a thirty-six-year window between 1984 and 2020.

Field Studies: MLB Manager Hiring Criteria and Career Pathways from 2010-19

The purpose of this report was to explore and describe Major League Baseball manager hiring and firing trends over the past decade.

Career Prep and Transitions of College and Professional Athletes: Research Findings, Policy, and Practice

This paper provides a review of research findings on the career preparation and transitions of college and professional athletes.

Field Studies: NCAA Athletic Director Hiring Criteria and Career Pathways from 2010-19

Race/ethnicity and gender continue to serve as mediating factors in athletic director hires. Results provide evidence that race/ethnicity and gender do matter, but not in isolation – there is an intersection of race/ethnicity and gender that favors men over women and Whites over BIPOC athletic directors.

Seed Grant Awardee: Edward Vargas

The purpose of this research is to conduct a national online multi-racial survey on sports and race in America. Using critical race and racial threat theory, this study seeks to examine the relationships between public opinions in sports policy (views towards indigenous mascots, amateurism and athlete exploitation, doping, kneeling during the National Anthem...)

Seed Grant Awardee: Wenlong Zhang

Low-cost and lightweight wearable soft robots can be used in labor-intensive jobs and sports training to reduce muscle efforts and joint loads, prevent injuries, and improve performance.

Seed Grant Awardee: Troy McDaniel

Growing interest to track workouts and sport sessions, companies such as Amazon, Apple, Google, Samsung, and Fitbit are developing various hardware sensors and software suites to provide users a holistic experience to track and document their workouts. While effort has been made to track and improve workout sessions, the analytics are based on gross assessments pertaining to basic activities, e.g., step counts, or physiological signals, such as pulse rate.

Seed Grant Awardee: Tamiko Azuma

In both athlete and veteran research, relatively few studies specifically examine the characteristics of, and outcomes for, female participants. Indeed, in most studies, females comprise a small subgroup of the sample, which limits quantitative analyses and generalizability of results. Additionally, there is almost no research on transgender females and nonbinary individuals in these two populations. Studies of female athletes and service members have often focused on sex-related physiological issues, such as menstrual cycle (e.g., Mitchell et al., 2016) and the female triad (e.g., Finley et al., 2015; Kroshus et al., 2018).

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